Fertility- Pre Pregnancy Tips To Follow For The First Time Moms
Getting used to a good nutrition throughout our lives is of immense importance. This gets to another level during pregnancy. It is unfortunate that many moms begin their pregnancies deficient in one or more essential vitamins. This is why prenatal vitamin supplementation is an essential exercise, especially during pregnancy. Therefore, this calls for eating and maintaining a healthy diet. This will aid in covering the nutritional gap in the mother’s diet.
Pre pregnancy vitamins should contain essential minerals and vitamins to support child growth. Of immense essence are folic acid, iodine, iron, and calcium. Avocados, dates, livers and other pregnancy superfoods could be a great source of these vitamins. However, with the depleted nature of the earthly soil and extra-industrialized food systems, getting everything from the food may not be possible. This is why pregnancy supplements are taking over the market scenes.
1. The Origin of Prenatal Vitamins
Prenatal vitamins for pregnancy were incepted for use in the early 20th century. Research initially pointed out that folate and iron deficiencies were the main causes of problems associated with fetal development. However, prescription vitamins caused some sickness, indigestion, heartburn and stomach problems to some women. This was due to the high levels of iron and folic acid in the prescription vitamins.
However, with advanced technological research and studies, there are better over the counter prenatal vitamins available in the market currently. Note that not all pregnancy vitamins supplements are made equally. This is perhaps why finding the best pregnancy vitamins requires extensive search and wide consultations.
2. Importance Of Prenatal Vitamins
Using the best prenatal vitamins is attributed to many developmental enhancements within the developing fetus and the general health of you as a mother. The baby takes up a lot of vitamins and minerals from your body. To avoid losing your stores, getting enough vitamins and minerals is essential. Some of the crucial and common vitamins and minerals and their importance in the body are highlighted below.
Also known as Vitamin B9 or folate, it fosters the development of the neural crest by preventing neural tube defects. These defects later affect the brain and spinal cord. Just to mention, these defects, if not checked, develop within the first 28 days following conception. At this age, most women are not yet aware of their pregnancies with an estimate that half of the pregnancies are unplanned. Therefore, it is recommended that you take 400 micrograms of folic acid daily continuously for the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
Women who have experienced this before should consult a health care provider for a higher dose of folic acid. Research and clinical trials recommend that such women should take up to 4000 micrograms one month before and during the first trimester. Diets and Foods containing folic acid include nuts, beans, green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits and other fortified foods.
This is the other essential nutrient for pregnant women. Enough calcium intake is important for bone development. With sufficient calcium intake, the bone density and overall bone growth are enhanced.
Iodine is important for the health of the pregnant woman, especially the thyroid gland functioning. Deficiency of iodine results to stunted growth, mental disabilities and deafness. It may also result in miscarriages and still birth.
Other best pregnancy vitamins include:
- Iron. Enhances blood formation thus increased oxygen carrying capability.
- Vitamin A. It is essential for the eye, respiratory and brain development.
- Vitamin B1. Supports the baby’s nervous system and brain development.
- Vitamin B2. Supports the development of healthy eyes and skin.
- Vitamin B3. Supports digestion besides easing nausea.
- Vitamin B5. Helps in creating hormones and eases on leg cramps.
- Vitamin B6. Is essential for the formation of red blood cells. It also helps in alleviating morning sickness usually associated with pregnancy.
- Vitamin B7. In combination with other B vitamins, it helps release energy from foods.
- Vitamin B12. Taking this prenatal vitamin promoted the formation of blood, fights birth defects and enhances the development of the central nervous system.
- Vitamin C. Increases the absorption of iron.
- Vitamin D. Strengthens the formation of bones and teeth. It also helps the body utilize phosphorus and calcium.
- Vitamin E. Promotes overall wellness and metabolism. It also helps reduce the risk of miscarriages.
- Vitamin K. It supports the formation of healthy bones, blood clotting and wound healing.
- Copper. Helps in the storage of iron and blood health.
- Magnesium. Maintains a healthy blood pressure and healthy birth weight.
- Zinc. Helps in balancing fluids in the body, supports muscle and nerve function and maintains copper balance in the body.
3. Food Based Prenatals
These are probably the best prenatal vitamins to take during pregnancy. Reason being that they are the more absorbable and gentler on the stomach cavity. These vitamins are derived from food instead of other blends derived from isolated vitamins. It is a preferred choice for many women experiencing constipation and nausea while using other conventional vitamins.
Just to mention, these blends contain enzymes, phytonutrients and other essential co-factors making them easily absorbable and wide nutritional spectrum. Herbal blends and probiotics may also be included. However, on the downside, the food based prenatals are relatively expensive. They also contain a relatively low level of individual vitamins and minerals compared to synthetic vitamins. Nevertheless, they absorption rate is incomparable.
Taking prenatal vitamins is a prudent choice for any woman at any stage of her pregnancy stage. With the benefits mentioned above, taking the right quantity is an excellent choice. However, as mentioned, always prioritize a health care provider’s advice before initiating the use. Besides the food based prenatals, there are standard synthetic prenatal vitamins which are available in most drug stores.
Despite being a blend of complete cross spectrum nutrients, they are created in the laboratory with vitamin isolates made from natural cofactors. They are nutritionally inferior and are prone to digestive issues especially nausea. For instance, beta carotene which is the synthetic form of vitamin B can cause depletion and impaired absorption of vitamin A.
Having said that, consider prioritizing the use of natural foods, which provide natural vitamins during pregnancy with a variety of minerals, nutrients, and phytonutrients working together. They are also easily absorbed with minimal side effects.
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