Many people attribute this skin condition to stress, lack of sleep, tiredness and the likes but there is more to it that we should know about. If you wish to further understand why those dark circles exist and what you can do on how to remove dark circles, this is the article that you should read!
How Dark Circles Appear
First things first, we have to understand how these dark circles are formed. According Eye experts, these dark circles are a result of the leakage of red blood cells when passing through the web of fine blood vessels underneath our skin. An enzyme is produced to clean up the leakage, but the breakdown process leaves the cells black and blue. The discoloration manifests as dark circles which are easily visible in the skin area surrounding the eyes because that is the thinnest part of our skin.
What Causes Dark Circles?
Now that you know how dark circles are formed, the next thing that we should know are the causes of dark circles. After all, you would find it difficult to remedy a problem if you do not know its causes, right?
- Genes – Having dark circles is a genetic condition that can be passed on from one generation to another and is most common in families with Mediterranean backgrounds.
- Aging – As we grow old, the body’s ability to produce collagen is reduced which makes the skin thinner and less elastic, making the blood vessels under our eyes more noticeable.
- Allergies – Itchiness that come with allergies may cause you to rub the area surrounding the eyes which may lead to the formation of dark circles.
- Improper sleep habits – Both lack of sleep and oversleeping can cause the skin to look pale and the area surrounding the eyes to be more sunken, making dark circles more noticeable.
- Lifestyle – Substances in alcohol and cigarettes can cause the blood vessels to dilate, which can make dark circles look more prominent.
- Too Much Sun Exposure – Sun exposure can cause your body to produce more melanin, leading to discoloration in certain parts of the body, especially the under-eye area.
- Diet – Too much salt in the diet may result in fluid retention that is most evident in the area surrounding the eyes.
- Pregnancy – Hormonal changes during pregnancy may cause fluid retention and hormonal imbalances which make the under-eye area look darker.
Dark Circles: Is it A Serious Health Problem?
Should dark circles be a cause for concern? Although this condition in itself is not life threatening one, dark circles can be a sign or an indicator of other health problems that you may have. Here are some conditions that are associated with dark circles:
- Dehydration – Your body’s lack of hydration may manifest as dark circles since the underlying bone is near the area under our eyes. In addition to that, a person suffering from dehydration may lose skin elasticity and since the skin area surrounding the eyes is the most sensitive, this sign of dehydration will be most prominent there.
- Anemia – Iron is an essential part of hemoglobin and hemoglobin is the substance responsible for the red color of the blood. When the body does not have enough iron, the blood does not turn red and will remain black or bluish in color which can be easily seen through the skin in the eye area.
- Nutritional Deficiency – Deficiency of vitamins C and K may lead to the formation of dark circles. This is because vitamin K is responsible for blood clotting while vitamin C decreases bruising.
- Liver Disease – Dark circles may also indicate the presence of various liver diseases like cirrhosis, hepatitis and much more.
The Do’s and Don’ts of Dark Circles
If you wish to get rid of dark circles, there are do’s and don’ts to keep in mind. Here are some of them:
- Do eat a balanced diet. – A balanced diet will provide your skin all the nourishment, vitamins and minerals that it needs to stay healthy and dark circle-free.
- Don’t sleep on your front. – By sleeping with your face buried in the pillows, you will be putting too much pressure and stress on your under-eye area, causing fluid to accumulate which may lead to dark circles.
- Do use cold compress. – Cold compress can help soothe skin, reduce the visibility of blood vessels and eventually get rid of dark circles.
- Don’t rub or pull your skin. – Doing so will result to skin irritation and development of dark circles under your eyes. You tend to do this when removing your makeup and the best solution for that is to use a gentle yet effective makeup remover.
- Do get enough sleep. – Try to get at least 7-8 hours of sleep every night so you can reduce your chances of having dark circles.
What are the ways to remove dark circles?
With that in mind, we would like to share with you some of the best dark circles treatment that can be found on the market today. Here are some of them:
- Eye Creams – The easiest, most convenient and affordable treatment option for dark circles is using an eye cream. There are plenty of eye creams in the market today, but the most effective ones are those that contain natural skin lightening and bleaching agents like licorice, green tea, hydroquinone (in low dose), kojic acid, vitamins K and C.
- Intense Pulse Light Therapy – This treatment uses light to close off any vessels or capillaries underneath the skin. This is recommended for those people who have very fine blood vessels that are causing the development of dark circles.
- Skin Resurfacing – Chemical peels and laser resurfacing can stimulate the production of collagen which can help to improve the overall quality of the skin and reduce hyperpigmentation.
- Hyaluronic Acid – If your dark circles are due to thinning of the skin, the best treatment option for you is injectable fillers that contain hyaluronic acid. This will help to restore the volume of fats in the under-eye area, making dark circles less visible.
- Jade Rolling – By using a jade roller to apply pressure on the area surrounding the eyes, you can boost blood circulation and promote lymphatic drainage which will make skin look more radiant and reducing the appearance of dark circles.
- Retinoids – Products containing retinoids can help stimulate collagen production and boosting the volume and firmness of the skin, especially in the under-eye area.
- Antihistamine – If an allergy is a culprit behind your dark circles, just simply taking an antihistamine can help solve your problem.
- Blepharoplasty – This may be a bit over the top option for removing dark circles, but if your dark circles are accompanied by drooping eyelids (which can be a safety concern), this is a great treatment option. The operation involves removal of skin, a small muscle strip and fat pockets through small sutures.
Vitamins to Eliminate Dark Circles Under the Eyes & Have Better Skin
Since dark circles are more commonly associated with nutrient deficiency, the best thing that you can do on how to get rid of dark circles are to take some vitamins and supplements that will provide your skin the nourishment it needs. Here are some of the vitamins that can help manage dark circles:
- Vitamin B3 – This vitamin can boost blood circulation and reduce inflammation which contributes to the development of dark circles.
- Vitamin K – Since it is responsible for blood clotting and circulation, vitamin K can prevent the formation of dark circles.
- Vitamin C – Known as a potent antioxidant, vitamin C can help repair damaged skin tissues. In addition to that, it can promote the production of collagen as well.
- Vitamin E – Another known antioxidant—vitamin E can help protect skin from damages caused by free radicals, the sun’s UV rays, and environmental pollutants.
- Vitamin B12 – Lack of vitamin B12 in the body can lead to anemia. The symptoms of which include pale skin that can emphasize the visibility of dark circles under the eyes.
- Vitamin A – This is the vitamin responsible for the repair of the damage tissues under our eyes. It can also prevent skin from thinning and the development of other signs of skin aging.
Having dark circles is a harmless skin condition but they can be a sign of a more serious health condition and they can also lower your self-esteem. Lucky for you, there are now plenty of ways on how you can get rid of dark circles and we have mentioned all of them above. Just make sure that you practice a healthy lifestyle, enjoy a balanced diet, take the necessary supplements and get enough sleep to prevent dark circles from coming back.