What are the Hyperpigmentation causes? Symptoms and Treatment For it
Are you bothered by uneven skin tone? Well, I guess dark spots, blemishes, and unequal skin color is really bothersome. It has been there, and I know you’ve been putting up with it. Maybe you have tried covering them with clothing or makeup. But, I know, you are looking for a long-term solution.
You want something that will get rid uneven skin tone and prevent it from coming back, right? Let’s dig in deeper to understand the hyperpigmentation causes. Let’s find out how it got there so that as soon as we get rid of it, we know what to do to avoid having them back!
1. What Is Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a condition where the skin and the nails become darker in color. Small patches of skin or huge portions of the skin may be affected. The degree of darkening also varies. Long exposures exposure to causative factors may mean a more profound effect.
Cases of hyperpigmentation are more noticeable on people with fairer skin. It may not be as easy to see on people with darker skin, but, research tells that they are more prone to hyperpigmentation.
2. What Causes Hyperpigmentation?
Melanin is the chemical responsible for the projection of the color of the skin. Too much production of it causes hyperpigmentation. Really, it’s as basic as that. More melanin means darker color. However, when we talk about the skin, there are things that trigger the skins’ melanin production. Let’s give them a look.
Our body has a really fantastic defense mechanism. Melanogenesis (production of melanin) is triggered by exposure to ultra -violet radiation. This causes the skin to darken to protect itself. Melanin’s function is to effectively dissipate absorbed UVB radiation. Yes, this UVB radiation is responsible for cases of skin cancer.
As you get more exposure to the sun, your body compensates by producing more melanin to effectively combat the UVB radiation. In return, the skin color darkens.
Acne can leave a hyperpigmentation on face, chest, or back. Again, this is another brilliant way of the body to protect us. Hyperpigmentation occurs on the spots acne leave to further protect those parts further from sun-damage. This is further aggravated by the inflammatory response which makes the sports even darker.
However, hyperpigmentation on the face is quite nasty and can affect the confidence of individuals.
This is a common condition in pregnant women and goes away in a few months after birth. However, everyone else has a rare chance of having this condition. Melasma is characterized by irregularly shaped patches of uneven discoloration.
People who have existing thyroid conditions are found to be more susceptible to melasma.
3. Symptoms Of Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation can be easily observed as a remarkable darkening in the skin. Here are some obvious symptoms you can observe:
- Tan lines
- Irregular patches of darkened skin
- Acne spots
4. Treatment For Hyperpigmentation
There are different approaches and different ways to treat hyperpigmentation. Different conditions may require different attention. However, here are some ways on how to treat hyperpigmentation. You can These are methods are relatively safe, and you can easily do this at home on your own time.
Bleach With Lemon
Lemon is one of nature’s gifts to lighten your skin. For mild cases of hyperpigmentation, scrubbing your skin regularly with lemon juice can have a noticeable effect.
As our skin naturally exfoliates itself, these hyper pigmented spots will go on its own. But, there is a way to help your skin get back to its natural glow. You can exfoliate 2-3 times a week to help your skin get rid of the hyperpigmented layer and resurface younger and fairer skin.
Brightening Skin Care Products
Skin care products can help exfoliate and resurface new skin. But aside from exfoliating the skin, skin brightening products have other ingredients that help nourish and brighten the skin.
Solvaderm’s Glowpeel is formulated with Kojic Acid, Glycolic Acid, Lactic Acid, and pyruvic acid that gently exfoliates the skin. They have meticulously formulated this peel to strip exfoliate the skin without causing irritation, pain, or redness.
Unlike over the counter skin brightening and exfoliating agent, strong chemical peels should be done by experienced practitioners. This is a highly effective method that can resurface the younger skin and get rid of the pigmented skin fast.
With the advancement of laser technology, lasers can now be used for skin resurfacing. CO2 lasers and fractional lasers are the two most common forms of treatment to resurface the skin. Laser treatments require multiple sessions to see visible results. They are quite expensive, but the results are very promising.
5. Prevention Of Skin Hyperpigmentation
There are factors that we could control to avoid darkening our skin. Here are a few things you can do to avoid hyperpigmentation of the skin.
Wear Sunglasses And a Hat
We cannot always avoid the sun. But, we can do something to protect ourselves from its rays. Wearing sunglasses and a hat can shield your face from UV rays.
Sunscreen blocks the UVB rays of the sun. Instead of directly hitting your skin to stimulate the production of melanin, the sunscreen dissipates the UV rays.
UV Protective Clothing
Another way to deflecting UV is by wearing UV protective clothing. Yes, UV protective clothing is a thing, and it can help you prevent hyperpigmentation of the skin.
Manage Acne Breakout
Acne leaves dark spots on the skin .
Although you cannot directly control acne , you can manage them. If you effectively manage acne breakouts, then you will essentially avoid dark spots on your skin.
The sun is probably one of the most abundant source of UV rays that stimulate the skin’s production of melanin. Stay away from it, and you will be safe from hyperpigmentation.
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